A business analyst (BA) plays an important role in the overall success of an organization. The expectations from a BA vary from one company to another and from one project to another. This article will explain how business analysts drive the revenue of a company.
Role of a Business Analyst (BA)
A Business Analyst must be someone who can become an ‘intermediary’ in the organization. Each organization operates on the basis of certain business processes. The job of the BA is to ensure these processes are executed smoothly for a given project. The key role of a BA is to create ideas for new processes, improve them, and implement them to ensure the successful progression of the project.
To do this, a BA must have a clear understanding of how the different processes operate in the company along with their limitations so they can detect vulnerabilities and recommend solutions to fix them. As the BA oversees the primary business processes in the organization, they must have strong communication skills and the ability to collaborate with various departments while working on projects of varied nature.
Responsibilities of a Business Analyst
Generally, a business analyst is expected to take over the following responsibilities.
Assess the Requirements
One of the most important responsibilities of a BA is to collaborate with the stakeholders of the project. This can help them understand and analyze their requirements. Business Analysts are often responsible for communicating with all major stakeholders of a project and translating their needs and expectations into a series of strategies and milestones for the project.
Similarly, they have to take input from the developers and get it back to the stakeholders for further discussions on the project. Hence, it is absolutely critical that the BA is able to effectively handle the communication between two parties. Such a role requires strong negotiation and political maneuvering skills.
Initially, it may appear as if the BA role is restricted to working only with the software engineering team of the project. It is important to understand that they are also needed to work alongside the stakeholders, consumers, and business professionals to come up with the project’s vision. Moreover, they have to finalize the scope and timeframe of the project. Among the chief BA objectives is to convert the project goal into a strategy.
It is necessary for businesses to not only develop but also offer high-quality presentations on application design, business requirements, project status, and other critical factors. One of the chief responsibilities of the BA is to increase the confidence of the relevant stakeholders through the presentation which can have a positive impact on the project as well as the overall business growth.
Explain the Details
Among the central responsibilities of a BA is their duty to explain all details to the concerned parties. This includes the evaluation of the requirements and ensuring that the implementation team carries all the necessary and complete details for the implementation of a process. They have to work with different consumers and stakeholders so they can guarantee their requirements, offer their knowledge, and explain to them what they plan to build.
In a traditional business environment, this phase is incorporated when the project is being started and it can contain the analysis of whether or not the project should be funded. Sometimes, this phase is initiated later once the stakeholder’s trust has been established.
With respect to the project’s details, the BA also needs a specification or data model. Irrespective of what the BA plans select to mention, the phase has to be completed after the stakeholders have provided their signatures on the agreement which mentions what they want to implement, while the developers should know about the project’s design and implementation strategy.
Today, most companies let this phase take off with an iterative strategy. What this means is that the BA creates the functional requirements and specifications which require the approval of the business, followed by the acknowledgment of the development team.
Assist the Project Implementation
The BAs who are assigned to the implementation stage has to support it in its entire life cycle. Usually, the implementation phase does not require the involvement of a BA, though it is possible if they are carrying out extra project roles.
If an issue emerges suddenly during the implementation, then the BAs are required to address the new challenges. They may have to provide their input in a meeting for problem-solving to determine how to tackle the new technology-related limitations for the completion of certain requirements.
Decide on the Requirements
The responsibility to ensure that the end product is successfully completed falls into the hands of the BA. They have to decide what exactly the project does and how will it function. Business analysts use the term functional requirement for what the project should do while they use the term non-functional for how should it work. Both of these requirements help to outline the capabilities of the finished product or service. When these categories are improved, non-functional requirements receive greater emphasis with the passage of time. This is because after the product is set up in its real environment, the focus should be on the metrics which can help to increase its value.